How Do Internet Service Providers Deliver Internet for Your Home

Parent and child sitting on couch

Internet access is pivotal in this day and age, as most of our devices at home and on-the-go require access for us to get things done.

But how do we know what our internet options are?

In this blog, we’ll give a brief overview of the most common ways the internet is accessed and how to choose the best option for your needs.

Options for Internet Access

Dial-up is not commonly used or offered these days but is important in the introduction of how internet connections work.

If you are old enough to remember getting your home’s first computer, chances are you recall the classic static and beeps while dialing in to get online.

Dial-up worked by taking digital signals from your computer and turning them into audible sounds that would be carried over home telephone wires and then translated back into digital signals translated by computers.

Internet connections essentially still work this way, but the signals and materials it travels through have been upgraded substantially, increasing the speed of information (and there’s no longer a need for your phone to be tied up while you access the internet).

DSL

Instead of just sending voice data through the phone line, now data can be sent simultaneously, and at a higher frequency, so both your phone and your internet connection work at the same time.

A signal filter sorts out both and allows data and voice to be delivered appropriately to either the phone or computer.

In the past, it was relatively easy to upgrade to DSL since it used the existing phone lines to deliver information.

The downside to DSL is that it tends to have slower speeds than other internet connections and is still routed through a phone line. So if you need fast internet and don’t have a phone line setup for your home, it’s unlikely this is option for you.

Cable

Most of us are familiar with and have access to cable TV. Cable television essentially uses different frequencies through a coaxial wire to access each channel your specific plan provides.

Cable Internet, simply stated, is just another “channel” or frequency that is installed by cable companies for you to access the internet.

A modem sorts out the frequencies and delivers them in appropriate formats to your TV and computer, allowing both TV and internet to work simultaneously.

Fiber optic

Like a knight in shining armor, fiber optic lines race at the speed of light (literally) to rescue you from slow internet speeds.

Where the previous types of internet connections we have discussed use electricity traveling through metal wires, fiber optic lines use pulses of light through flexible glass or plastic tubes to transmit data.

This happens rather quickly, obviously, since light can travel much faster this way compared to electricity through a wire.

Fiber is fast, but because there is no existing infrastructure like DSL or Cable connections, fiber lines must be laid. This initially raises the cost of accessing it.

Although fiber is still not available in many places, especially rural areas, it now connects the internet across most major cities and oceans.

Wireless

A wireless internet connection is unique, such that it uses radio frequencies to send an internet signal to a location.

The wireless ISP sends signals to a tower, which receives and sends the signal to your home.

A receiver (often roof mounted so it can point directly toward the tower) picks up the signals and sends them to your home modem to provide a connection.

Because the internet is delivered through different frequencies, you’ll need to establish what frequency receiver you need based on your proximity to a tower, but this is made simple when you work with a reputable internet service provider such as Safelink.

Satellite Dish

With a satellite connection, communication is between a satellite ISP transmitter (located in the sky) and a dish receiver, which is located on your roof.

Using high-frequency radio waves, these three items communicate while a modem translates the signal from your dish to your computer.

Satellite has many hindrances due to the distance the signal has to travel, making it a slower option than others on the market.

Mobile Internet

With the prevalence of smart phones, many people use mobile internet every day.

Using radio waves, voice and data are transmitted at the same time to and from phones. How the data is relayed through the cell signal varies, depending on if a phone user has 3G, 4G, or LTE. And coverage depends on a mobile carrier, not an internet provider.

A Look at Costs Depending on Type of Service

So the real burning question, why does the cost vary so much for different types of internet service?

Nathan Rasmussen, director of sales marketing at Safelink Internet, compares it to a Dairy Farm:

“If you live at the farm, the cost of milk isn’t much, but it’s the delivery that costs consumers. The closer you live to the main source, the cheaper it is to get, but if you live far away or your location is difficult to deliver to, costs rise. That is why major metropolitan areas generally have cheaper internet, while rural areas are pricier – the cost of delivery is more.”

While all these services differ in speed, cost, and effectiveness, thinking about where you live and what you use the internet for can help you choose the best option for your needs. Need help deciding on the best option for you? We can help!